Global

References

All references across the Making Sense of Sugar websites can be found below.

Global and markets:

1. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet

2. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/behealthy/healthy-diet 

3. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/9789241599979/en/ 

4. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_adults/en/

5. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/health-topics/physical-activity

6. McCance & Widdowson’s The composition of food, 7th edition

7. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity

8. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases

9. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health

10. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight

11. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet

12. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/sugar-guideline/en/

13. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

14. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes

15. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malnutrition

16. van Loveren (2019) Sugar Restriction for Caries Prevention: Amount and Frequency. Which Is More Important? Caries Res. 53(2):168-175

17. Twetman (2018) Prevention of dental caries as a non-communicable disease. Eur J Oral Sci 2018; 126(Suppl. 1): 19–25.

18. World Dental Federation (DFI)
https://www.fdiworlddental.org/oral-health/risk-factors

19. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/sugar-guideline/en/

20. Bowen et al. (2018) Oral Biofilms: Pathogens, matrix and polymicrobial interactions in microenvironments. Trends Microbiol.; 26(3):229-242

21. NeuroFAST (2013)
https://neurofast.gu.se/consensus

22. EFSA
https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/press/news/190719

Malawi:

23. Sustainable Nutrition Manual
http://www.neverendingfood.org/Sustainable-Nutrition-Manual/

24. The Malawi Bureau of Standards (MBS)
http://mbsmw.org/2017/10/17/ms-192001/

25. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, 2000
www.nsomalawi.mw

26. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2015-2016, page 167

27. MDHS 2015/16
www.nsomalawi.mw

28. National Micronutrient Survey 2001
www.nsomalawi.mw

29. Illovo Sugar Africa
http://www.illovosugarafrica.com/UserContent/Documents/Illovo-Impact-Report-Malawi-Dec17.pdf 

Spain:

30. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition
http://www.aecosan.msssi.gob.es/AECOSAN/web/nutricion/subseccion/piramide_NAOS.htm

31. Ministerio de la Presidencia – RD 1334/1999
https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1999-17996

32. UE: Reglamento Europeo 1169/2011
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ES/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:02011R1169-20180101&qid=1574324468790&from=ES

33. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition
www.naos.aesan.msc.es

Tanzania:

34. Mindo wa Maisha na Magonjwa Yasiyo ya Kuambukiza. Dalili, Athari na Kinga. Elimu kwa Jamii (Lifestyle and Non-communicable Diseases. Symptoms, Effects and Prevention. Education to the Community).
http://hssrc.tamisemi.go.tz/storage/app/uploads/public/5cf/a3d/8cd/5cfa3d8cd261b544310595.pdf

35. Food Labelling Regulations 2006
https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/node/36032

36. Food Labelling Regulations 2006 – Reference: per S. 5 I b(iv) of the Regulations.
https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/node/36032

37. Unicef
hhttps://www.unicef.org/tanzania/reports/tanzania-national-nutrition-survey-2018

38. Tanzania Malnutrition factsheet 2016

39. Tanzania National Nutrition Survey 2018

UK:

40. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/the-eatwell-guide.aspx

41. Food and Drink Federation
www.foodlabel.org.uk/label/reference-intakes.aspx

42. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health Report, p.57, para 5.82
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

43. British Nutrition Foundation
www.nutrition.org.uk/healthyliving/healthydiet/healthybalanceddiet.html

44. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/weight-loss-guide/Pages/set-your-target-weight.aspx

45. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/physical-activity-guidelines-for-adults.aspx

46. Commission Regulation 1169/2011 Provision of food information to consumers

47. Department of Health technical guidance on nutrition labeling
www.gov.uk/government/publications/technical-guidance-on-nutrition-labelling

48. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
www.gov.uk/government/collections/family-food-statistics

49. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/What-does-100-calories-look-like.aspx

50. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1126.aspx?categoryid=51

51. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/Whybeactive.aspx

52. Health Survey for England (NHS)
https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england/2018/summary 

53. Diabetes UK: Diabetes risk factors
https://www.diabetes.org.uk/preventing-type-2-diabetes/diabetes-risk-factors

54. Anderson, C. A., Curzon, M. E., Van Loveren, C. et al (2009) Sucrose and dental caries: a review of the
evidence. Obs Rev, 10 Suppl, p. 541 – 545.

55. Cottrell, R. C. (2011) Dental disease: Etiology and epidemiology in Cabballero, B., Allen, N. & Prentice, A. M.
(Eds) Encylopedia of Human Nutrition. 2nd Edition ed Kidlington, UK Elseviier Academic Press

56. Public Health England – Why 5%, p.6
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacns-sugars-and-health-recommendations-why-5

57. Public Health England
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sugar-reduction-responding-to-the-challenge

58. L. Tappy; B Mittendorfer; Fructose toxicity: is the science ready for public health actions? Curr Opinion Clin
Nutr Metab Care 2012 July; 15(4) p. 357 – 361

59. British Soft Drinks Association
http://www.britishsoftdrinks.com/write/MediaUploads/Publications/BSDA_Drinks_Report_2017.pdf

60. British Nutrition Foundation
www.nutrition.org.uk/healthyliving/basics/what-is-energy.html

61. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.31, para 4.5
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

62. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.4, S.16
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

63. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.4, S.17 & S.18
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

64. Dept of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom no. 41
London: HMSO

Zambia:

65. Republic of Zambia
www.parliament.gov.zm/sites/default/files/documents/acts/Food%20and%20Drugs%20Act.pdf

66. Scaling Up Nutrition
https://scalingupnutrition.org/assets/themes/elision/pdf/SUNPR-2018/SUN_Report_EN_2018.pdf

67. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14
https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR53/PR53.pdf 

68. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2018
https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR113/PR113.pdf

69. Reducing Malnutrition in Zambia: Estimates to Support Nutrition Advocacy—Zambia Nutrition PROFILES 2017
https://www.fantaproject.org/sites/default/files/resources/Zambia-PROFILES-Report-Aug2017.pdf