Global

References

All references across the Making Sense of Sugar websites can be found below.

Global and markets:

1. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet

2. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet

3. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/9789241599979/en/ 

4. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/factsheet_adults/en/

5. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/health-topics/physical-activity

6. McCance & Widdowson’s The composition of food, 7th edition

7. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/physical-activity

8. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/noncommunicable-diseases

9. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/oral-health

10. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/obesity-and-overweight

11. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/healthy-diet

12. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/sugar-guideline/en/

13. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

14. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes

15. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/malnutrition

16. van Loveren (2019) Sugar Restriction for Caries Prevention: Amount and Frequency. Which Is More Important? Caries Res. 53(2):168-175

17. Twetman (2018) Prevention of dental caries as a non-communicable disease. Eur J Oral Sci 2018; 126(Suppl. 1): 19–25.

18. World Dental Federation (DFI)
https://www.fdiworlddental.org/oral-health/risk-factors

19. World Health Organization
https://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/releases/2015/sugar-guideline/en/

20. Bowen et al. (2018) Oral Biofilms: Pathogens, matrix and polymicrobial interactions in microenvironments. Trends Microbiol.; 26(3):229-242

21. NeuroFAST (2013)
https://cordis.europa.eu/docs/results/245/245009/final1-consensus.pdfhttps://neurofast.gu.se/consensus

22. EFSA
https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/press/news/190719

Malawi:

23. Sustainable Nutrition Manual
http://www.neverendingfood.org/Sustainable-Nutrition-Manual/

24. The Malawi Bureau of Standards (MBS)
http://mbsmw.org/2017/10/17/ms-192001/

25. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey, 2000
www.nsomalawi.mw

26. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2015-2016, page 167

27. MDHS 2015/16
www.nsomalawi.mw

28. National Micronutrient Survey 2001
www.nsomalawi.mw

29. Illovo Sugar Africa
http://www.illovosugarafrica.com/UserContent/Documents/Illovo-Impact-Report-Malawi-Dec17.pdf 

Spain:

30. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition
http://www.aecosan.msssi.gob.es/AECOSAN/web/nutricion/subseccion/piramide_NAOS.htm

31. Ministerio de la Presidencia – RD 1334/1999
https://www.boe.es/buscar/act.php?id=BOE-A-1999-17996

32. UE: Reglamento Europeo 1169/2011
https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ES/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:02011R1169-20180101&qid=1574324468790&from=ES

33. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition
https://www.aesan.gob.es/AECOSAN/web/nutricion/subseccion/publicaciones.htm

34. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition https://www.aesan.gob.es/AECOSAN/web/noticias_y_actualizaciones/noticias/2020/campania_alimentacion_saludable.htm

35. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition https://www.aesan.gob.es/AECOSAN/web/nutricion/subseccion/material_didactico_familias.htm

36. Ministry of Health, through the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition https://www.aesan.gob.es/AECOSAN/docs/documentos/seguridad_alimentaria/evaluacion_riesgos/informes_comite/RECOMENDACIONES_DIETETICAS.pdf

Tanzania:

37. Mindo wa Maisha na Magonjwa Yasiyo ya Kuambukiza. Dalili, Athari na Kinga. Elimu kwa Jamii (Lifestyle and Non-communicable Diseases. Symptoms, Effects and Prevention. Education to the Community).
http://hssrc.tamisemi.go.tz/storage/app/uploads/public/5cf/a3d/8cd/5cfa3d8cd261b544310595.pdf

38. Food Labelling Regulations 2006
https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/node/36032

39. Food Labelling Regulations 2006 – Reference: per S. 5 I b(iv) of the Regulations.
https://extranet.who.int/nutrition/gina/en/node/36032

40. Unicef
https://www.unicef.org/tanzania/reports/tanzania-national-nutrition-survey-2018

41. Tanzania Malnutrition factsheet 2016

42. Tanzania National Nutrition Survey 2018

UK:

43. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/the-eatwell-guide.aspx

44. Food and Drink Federation
www.foodlabel.org.uk/label/reference-intakes.aspx

45. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health Report, p.57, para 5.82
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

46. British Nutrition Foundation
www.nutrition.org.uk/healthyliving/healthydiet/healthybalanceddiet.html

47. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/weight-loss-guide/Pages/set-your-target-weight.aspx

48. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/physical-activity-guidelines-for-adults.aspx

49. Commission Regulation 1169/2011 Provision of food information to consumers

50. Department of Health technical guidance on nutrition labeling
www.gov.uk/government/publications/technical-guidance-on-nutrition-labelling

51. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
www.gov.uk/government/collections/family-food-statistics

52. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/Goodfood/Pages/What-does-100-calories-look-like.aspx

53. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/chq/pages/1126.aspx?categoryid=51

54. NHS Choices
www.nhs.uk/Livewell/fitness/Pages/Whybeactive.aspx

55. Health Survey for England (NHS)
https://digital.nhs.uk/data-and-information/publications/statistical/health-survey-for-england/2018/summary 

56. Diabetes UK: Diabetes risk factors
https://www.diabetes.org.uk/preventing-type-2-diabetes/diabetes-risk-factors

57. Anderson, C. A., Curzon, M. E., Van Loveren, C. et al (2009) Sucrose and dental caries: a review of the
evidence. Obs Rev, 10 Suppl, p. 541 – 545.

58. Cottrell, R. C. (2011) Dental disease: Etiology and epidemiology in Cabballero, B., Allen, N. & Prentice, A. M.
(Eds) Encylopedia of Human Nutrition. 2nd Edition ed Kidlington, UK Elseviier Academic Press

59. Public Health England – Why 5%, p.6
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacns-sugars-and-health-recommendations-why-5

60. Public Health England
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sugar-reduction-responding-to-the-challenge

61. L. Tappy; B Mittendorfer; Fructose toxicity: is the science ready for public health actions? Curr Opinion Clin
Nutr Metab Care 2012 July; 15(4) p. 357 – 361

62. British Soft Drinks Association
http://www.britishsoftdrinks.com/write/MediaUploads/Publications/BSDA_Drinks_Report_2017.pdf

63. British Nutrition Foundation
www.nutrition.org.uk/healthyliving/basics/what-is-energy.html

64. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.31, para 4.5
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

65. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.4, S.16
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

66. SACN (2015) Carbohydrates and Health; p.4, S.17 & S.18
www.gov.uk/government/publications/sacn-carbohydrates-and-health-report

67. Dept of Health (1991) Dietary Reference Values for Food Energy and Nutrients for the United Kingdom no. 41
London: HMSO

Zambia:

68. Republic of Zambia
www.parliament.gov.zm/sites/default/files/documents/acts/Food%20and%20Drugs%20Act.pdf

69. Scaling Up Nutrition
https://scalingupnutrition.org/assets/themes/elision/pdf/SUNPR-2018/SUN_Report_EN_2018.pdf

70. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2013-14
https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR53/PR53.pdf 

71. Zambia Demographic and Health Survey 2018
https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/PR113/PR113.pdf

72. Reducing Malnutrition in Zambia: Estimates to Support Nutrition Advocacy—Zambia Nutrition PROFILES 2017
https://www.fantaproject.org/sites/default/files/resources/Zambia-PROFILES-Report-Aug2017.pdf

Latin America:

73. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
https://health.gov/our-work/food-nutrition/2015-2020-dietary-guidelines/guidelines/appendix-2/

74. The Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean
https://www.cepal.org/es/enfoques/malnutricion-ninos-ninas-america-latina-caribe

75. Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
http://www.fao.org/3/ca5162es/ca5162es.pdf

76. World Health Organisation – Global Health Observatory
https://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/physical_activity/en/