Diet and Nutrition
There are a number of factors which can influence diet including social and economic factors.Read More
Micronutrients enable the body to produce enzymes, hormones and other substances essential for growth and development. Without these micronutrients – which include Vitamin A, iodine, and iron – the body cannot function properly. Where someone has micronutrient deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in an intake of energy and/or nutrients, these factors result in malnutrition.
Every country in the world is affected by one or more forms of malnutrition with women, infants, children and adolescents being at particular risk – around 45% of deaths among children under 5 years of age are linked to undernutrition (15). These mostly occur in low- and middle-income countries. At the same time, in these same countries, rates of childhood overweight and obesity are rising.
The World Health Organization (15) sets out three broad groups of conditions: