Diet and nutrition is an issue which is continuing to dominate the agendas of media, governments, NGOS and food and drink industries around the world. Whilst there are many different complex dietary and nutritional considerations across countries and regions, according to the World Health Organization, people of all age groups, regions and countries are today affected by Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). In fact, it estimates the NCDs kill 41 million people each year, equivalent to 71% of all deaths globally (9).
Noncommunicable – or chronic – diseases are described as being diseases of long duration and generally slow progression and, according to the World Health Organization, tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets are factors which increase the risk of dying from a NCD.
In this section, we focus on some of the noncommunicable diseases including obesity, diabetes and malnutrition, as well as looking more closely at Vitamin A deficiency and some of the initiatives which have been introduced by the Malawian government, industry and NGOs to tackle this issue.
Finally, we address the importance of dental health in preventing oral diseases, the most common noncommunicable diseases which affect people throughout their lifetime (10).
The overwhelming scientific consensus points to obesity being the result of eating more calories than we burn off through activity and exercise.Read more
Despite what some people may think sugar hasn’t been established as a cause of type 2 diabetes (14).Read more
Sugars are a type of ‘fermentable carbohydrate’ - this also includes some starches.Read more
Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient which our body needs to function properly - from enabling the function of sight, and growth and development through to skin maintenance, immune functions and reproduction.Read more