No single food or drink contains all the essential nutrients your body needs, which is why variety is key. The World Health Organization (WHO) (1) has a number of basic principles of what constitutes a healthy diet to help prevent non-communicable diseases, although the exact make-up of your diet can vary depending on your age, gender, lifestyle, levels of physical activity, cultural context and available foods and dietary customs.
It’s also important to balance the energy you take in as food and drinks (measured in calories), by the energy you use up through physical activity.
In addition to the WHO guidelines, in October 2020, the Scientific Committee of the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition (34, 35) introduced the following recommendations:
*Added sugars are defined as the definition adopted in Annex II of the European Framework for National Initiatives on Selected Nutrients of the European Commission: sugars that are added to food during its preparation, preparation or cooking, as well as those present in a natural in honey, syrups, juices and fruit concentrates. This definition is equivalent to that of free sugars, included in the World Health Organization’s guide on sugar intake for adults and children of 2015.
Sugars and the body
Sugars are an important source of energy that we all need to go about our daily lives.Read more
Calories can be important when making diet and lifestyle choices so we have explored what the term “calorie” means.Read more
You might be surprised to know that, apart from fibre, sugar has no more calories than any other ingredient.Read more
Diet and nutrition
There are a number of factors which can influence diet including social and economic factors. You can find tips for a healthy balanced diet here.Read more
Healthy eating is about consuming the right amount of food for your energy needs.Read more
Nutritional labelling on pre-packaged food and drinks commercialized in Spain is mandatory under European and Spanish law.Read more